Take a kitten or an adult into the house? Male or female? From the pedigree or not purebred? And which breed to give preference? Before you get a kitten, you have to answer all these questions. If you are still not sure about your choice, we’ll try to clarify the situation and consider the pros and cons of each option.
Cat or cat?
The choice of a pet of a particular gender depends on personal preference.
Males are usually larger, they are sociable, affectionate, willingly make contact. Cats are more elegant, independent, independent and active.
If you do not plan to engage in breeding, castration must be done on time: unsatisfied sexual instinct is one of the most severe stresses in the animal’s life, and natural sexual behavior (marks, screaming, aggression) often leads to irritation of the owners and a deterioration of understanding between the animal and the person.
Kitten or adult animal?
Of course, most people want to get a cute and playful kitten. It is very interesting to watch him, he is affectionate and trusting, he can be taught an ideal model of behavior for the owners.
Playful kittens often interfere with sleep, because cats are nocturnal animals
However, it should be remembered that a kitten requires much more attention and care. He often gets sick and takes a lot of time for education. A small pet may not immediately get used to the tray or scratching post, unknowingly scratch the wallpaper, furniture, curtains, nibble wires. From the first days it is very important to educate the baby, patiently explaining the rules of behavior, and in no case beat him for tricks.
An adult cat usually already knows how to use a tray and a scratching post; it adapts more easily to your daily routine. She understands the words and mood of the owner and becomes a friend, companion, and not a child, unlike a kitten.
The kitten does not understand the value of things and plays with what is interesting to him.
At the same time, an adult animal is more difficult to retrain if it has some habits that do not suit you. Such a cat has an established character that may not coincide with yours. Therefore, in complex cases, it is recommended to consult a zoopsychologist.
Most likely, you will sometimes have to endure a mess while the kitten learns the rules of behavior
Normal or thoroughbred?
If you just need a friend, any cat is right for you. Preferring a purebred baby, you can not know anything in advance about the properties of his nature. If you want to get a cat with certain qualities and a special character - choose a thoroughbred. A breed is a combination of external qualities, character and genotype.
The undoubted advantage of outbred cats: they are the result of spontaneous crossbreeding, natural selection has left only the strongest and most healthy individuals. Thoroughbred animals are the result of selection, and selection is often based on external signs to the detriment of health. Weak kittens, interesting in terms of breeding, are nursed and fed by humans, then they give offspring, beautiful, but not so healthy. In addition, inbreeding (closely related crossbreeding) is often used for breeding valuable breed qualities during breeding, as a result of which, unfortunately, unwanted genes are also fixed. Many breeds have arisen precisely with the artificial conservation of a mutation, which has several manifestations in addition to what is desirable. For example, in the Scottish fold breed, the gene that defines bent ears is also responsible for the formation of cartilage and, if improperly selected, can manifest itself as a severe, incurable joint disease. Some breeds have their own genetic diseases: Maine Coons - heart pathology, Persians - kidneys, etc.
Thoroughbred and normal kittens equally need proper feeding and vaccination
Therefore, outbred cats are not in vain considered more viable, because kittens that survive in nature combine the most powerful qualities of their ancestors.
Why do I need a cat in the house?
It would seem that only a breed of a tailed pet remains to be determined, but not so simple. Of course, it is necessary to take into account the features of a particular species affiliation, but there are no less significant points. By purchasing and introducing a kitten into the house, the owner takes full responsibility for his well-being, health and, ultimately, fate. Cats are proud and freedom-loving animals, they will have to share not only domestic space, but also pay enough attention and care.
If the potential owner has the goal of finding a four-legged friend, then in this case you only need to know how to choose a healthy kitten. However, if the future owner has a completely different task, for example, pursuing the commercial goal of breeding a specific breed, or he wants to choose a kitten for home, or make a gift for his little baby on his Birthday, then the question of choice should be approached more thoroughly.
What gender is a small pet?
The first point, which for many people is decisive, is the gender of the kitten. Females and males differ from each other from early childhood, not only by external sexual characteristics. As a rule, the individual characteristics of pet behavior are largely dependent on gender. They say that cats are more disposed to true friendship with the owner than naughty cats, which, in turn, are famous for their capricious and changeable disposition. Perhaps this is just a stereotype. How an animal will behave at home largely depends on the education he received from the first months of life.
Before choosing a kitten from a litter, you can independently determine who it is, a boy or a girl. In monthly babies, external sexual characteristics are not expressed explicitly, therefore, the distance between the anus and the urinary tract is considered a characteristic feature by which to navigate. In cats it is insignificant, in small cats it reaches 2 cm.
How to find your four-legged friend among others?
It often happens that in a litter of several kittens, one purposefully approaches a person. This is probably his kitten. If the baby at an instinctive level showed interest in his future master, probably his choice should not be neglected. He will become a faithful faithful friend and obedient pet.
An interesting detail that can tell you how to choose a kitten is also the behavior of the kids in a common flock. Here it all depends on the ideas of the potential owner about how the cat should be at home. If you need a smart kid, playful, with leadership inclinations, then this is what you need to pay attention to. If a different picture is present in the imagination, for example, warm family gatherings in the evening with an affectionate cat in his arms, then you need to look at the calm, friendly kid.
At what age is better to get a cat?
The ideal age of kittens for a period of excommunication and resettlement in different homes is considered 2-3 months. The advantages of this particular age are enough:
- Firstly, kittens can eat on their own.
- Secondly, they have become quite independent, able to monitor their "cat" hygiene.
- Thirdly, kittens are mobile, active and are located to training.
It is also important to know how to choose a healthy kitten. Of course, no one is safe from further health problems of a pet (viral diseases, infections and other ailments), but it is possible to determine that at the moment the baby is completely healthy by the following signs:
- the kitten has a great appetite,
- there is a whole set of milk white teeth,
- the coat is shiny and silky,
- the ears of the kitten should not have any discharge (otherwise this is most likely a sign of an ear tick),
- there are no wounds on his body
- the kitten has no fleas on its neck and chin.
A weakened kitten, which obviously does not gain weight, looks sluggish, most likely infected with worms. Self-medication, definitely, should not be dealt with, it is better to immediately go with a newly-made family member for a routine examination. Perhaps the veterinarian will be able to objectively assess the condition of the kitten and prescribe the necessary vaccinations.
How to determine the breed?
The next determining factor, which plays a huge role in choosing a pet for the home, is its breed, especially if it is assumed that the cat will participate in various exhibitions and competitions. By the way, stopping at a specific breed of cats, you must:
- to study the behavior of its representatives,
- attend exhibitions
- read reviews of more experienced breeders about its maintenance and care.
For example, Siamese cats, known to everyone, are much more likely to display genetic ailments than any other representatives of the feline genus. Or, deliberately not wanting to have a long-haired cat, many people opt for the hairless Sphinx, not even realizing how much more difficulty is in caring for it compared to other breeds.
Features of purebred cats
It is also necessary to take into account the fact that animal breeds bred by artificial breeding through genetic sophistication of scientists, by their nature, have weaker immunity. Far fewer of these pets are endangered by an animal “without clan and tribe” that has undergone natural selection.
Many of the artificially bred breeds are not able to take care of themselves. A striking example are Persian cats, which without a person can not look attractive. Their furry fur coat requires regular bathing, combing and other activities, just feline licking is not enough. And in the psychological aspect, such animals are as dependent on the owner as possible.
Meanwhile, there are many breeds that are characterized by the instinct of a hunter. To the desire to earn their own "bread" they, as a rule, get excellent physical data from nature. Among the born cat hunters can be distinguished:
Limited apartment space is not suitable for these predators. Private houses and a garden with many trees - this is where they can always frolic in plenty.
It is always necessary to remember that when choosing a kitten, the owner takes on a whole range of obligations and a mountain of responsibility. Animals are not toys and are not an addition to the home interior. Cats of any breed trust and become attached to humans, but the main thing is not to betray them.
Suitable even for the laziest owner
This is an abbreviated list, but the cats that are easiest to care for are shorthair without any fads in appearance.
Longhair cats often molt and require careful grooming, while hairless cats freeze and sweat. Pets with short hair are an excellent choice for a busy owner.
Bent ears should be cleaned regularly.
Sphinxes are freezing cats who want constant warmth and care. The Persian cat is complicated by its record length of hair, which is constantly tangled in tangles. In addition, the Persians have a flat muzzle, because of which they can often hurt.
It is not easy to care for cats with unusual ears: Scottish fold or American curls. Also, cats with difficult grooming can include all long-haired breeds.
What you need to know about the breed
Ragdoll (English Ragdoll - rag doll) - a breed of semi-long-haired cats, bred in the 60s of the last century in the United States. Ragdolls got their unusual name because of a gene mutation, as a result of which their muscle tone is reduced. As a result, they are extremely flexible and soft to the touch, but they should be handled with care: unlike other cats, they are not able to land on their paws, and even falling from the couch is fraught with serious injuries for them. Due to their physical characteristics, ragdolls are never aggressive, on the contrary, the owners, on whom they are completely dependent, are the center of the universe for them, and it is hardly possible to find somewhere more flexible and loyal cats.
Ragdolls require constant care, but they are not capricious and very phlegmatic. They get along well with other animals and when aggression is manifested, they simply go away and do not get involved in a fight.
Representatives of this breed prefer to communicate with people. They have high intelligence, quickly accustom to the tray and perfectly understand human speech.
How to choose a real ragdoll
When choosing kittens of the Ragdoll breed, it is extremely important to remember that all of them are born completely white, and the true color of the cat will appear only at the age of two. In newborns, the eyes open only after two weeks, the suction period also lasts quite a while, and it is not worth taking the babies away from the cats prematurely.
Very often, a representative of the ragdolls is given out to their close relative - the Burmese cat. The reason for this is a similar color with dark marks. Meanwhile, the standard of the ragdoll is quite strict: its distinguishing features along with its peace-loving character are its deep blue wide-set eyes, a wedge-shaped muzzle with puffy cheeks and a middle chin, rounded ears (sometimes with tassels), a long muscular body with a long slightly sharpened tail. Despite some stockiness and muscularity, the muscle tone in these cats is always reduced. By and large, to distinguish a real ragdoll, just pick it up in your arms.
There are only three color options: color point (standard), mitted (with white “socks”, chin and chest) and bicolor (two-tone). Each of the colors can be one of four varieties: "sio", blue, purple or chocolate.