Useful Tips

How to catch crabs


The Israeli seas and bodies of water are rich in these crustaceans. However, not everyone knows where to find this bait and how to put it on the hook correctly.

In this article you will learn not only about the methods of catching crabs, but also the secrets of hooking and a lot of interesting and useful information about these ancient inhabitants of flora and fauna.

1. General information

Short-tailed crabs or crayfish - known since the Jurassic period. Representatives of antiquity have a small head, short belly and wide shell. Two large claws serve for walking. The difference between females and males is the presence of the first 4 abdominal extremities, and that of male invertebrates there are only 2 of them. They move quickly and sideways.

2. How to catch crabs

Ways to catch crabs:

  • sticking on barbecue skewers
  • landing net
  • hands (in the presence of a good reaction),
  • with a rope (twine), to the end of which tie the bait and wait for the crab to grab it,
  • catching crab in water at a depth of 1 m under stones and in other reef sites,
  • spinning (some types of crabs are caught, for example, in Israel, blue crabs) or a telescopic rod of 3 m, with a float, a weight and a hook.
  • for catching crabs, the grill from the old fan is also suitable, on the center of which the bait is placed,
  • homemade crab traps.

Did you know that in the Mediterranean Sea there is an unusual beauty crab called "blue crab"? A detailed description of this inhabitant, his character and habitat, food preferences, which set of gear and equipment to use to capture him, read here

You can familiarize yourself with some types of traps (crab traps) used by fishermen to catch crab at

A short video on how to use crab traps

An interesting video on how to make a crab trap yourself at home from a plastic bottle

The danger of a crab is in its claws, which can cause noticeable damage. In order to correctly take it, you need to move it with one hand before the prey, thereby distracting it, and the second - firmly press it behind the shell to the ground (or the seabed). Then grab both claws with your free hand to immobilize them.

Types of crab lures:

  • turkey leg
  • spoiled pieces of fish,
  • pieces of fresh fish
  • chicken necks,
  • mollusks (snail, cuttlefish),
  • fresh meat (for example, beef or chicken).

You can find other unique ways of catching this bait at

3. Ways to attach the crabs to the hook

When rigging a fishing rod with a sinker, a leash (diameter up to 0, 4 mm) and two hooks of size 1-2, use the carapace of a small crab (without claws), which hook on these hooks to the back.

The torn off claw of a crustacean can be used as a wobbler by fastening them to a tee.

To tear off the legs, the crab needs to be twisted and the hook should be hooked on the meat in a twisted place, so the bait will sit securely on the hook.

Large fish are caught in pieces of crab meat. The hook must be passed through the holes remaining after removing the legs.

Small crabs are planted whole.

A good bait is considered to be a crab without a shell. In Israel, such a crab is called "soft." It can be easily found among algae and stones.

To get from the depths, diving in a mask with a pipe and flippers

This is the main way to catch crabs, and you just need to purchase a kit for spearfishing and learn how to use it, since diving in a mask and with flippers is not at all easy, but you can dive to a considerable depth.

For hunting for crabs, you should choose places that are located at a considerable distance from the noisy beaches and recreation areas. As a rule, crabs hide under stones, including grass, if there are algae nearby. For convenience, gloves should be used, especially since they will protect against crab bites. Seafood needs to be collected in a special cage, but a regular plastic bag is not suitable for this.

6. How to save a crab for fishing

  • for the safety of crab meat and its density, so that it is more securely held on a hook, it is salted in a jar,
  • raw crustacean meat, should be stored in the refrigerator or other cool place for no more than 4 days,
  • live individuals are stored in a shady place in a container (box) with wet algae,
  • for short storage, a bucket with sea water and a small amount of algae vegetation is suitable, where to place the bait and cover with a towel (rag) dipped in sea water. The bucket should be in a cool place,
  • for long-term storage bait freeze.

Crab fishing

This operation is similar to catching crayfish, as is the fishing tool. Krabolovka consists of a metal rim on which the mesh is stretched with a slight sag. A bait is placed in the center of the crab trap, which may consist of a piece of fish, meat, bone, etc. The device is lowered with a rope to a considerable depth (several meters), after which a pause of 20-30 minutes is maintained. After this, the crab trap rises sharply. If crabs live in this place, then the catch is guaranteed.

7. Useful tips for using crab as bait for sea fishing

  • do not use boiled crab as bait, as its meat does not hold well on the hook and is quickly pulled away by small fish,
  • when catching bait, it is imperative to use protective gloves to prevent injuries from tentacles,
  • use only sharp hooks with a long fore-end (for small crabs), and large individuals are mounted on hooks with a short fore-end with a bent hook to the side,
  • with a dense shell, the bait is cleaned, and with a soft shell, it is put on a hook with a shell,
  • in the absence of the possibility of purchase or self-extraction, you can use canned crabs with a rich aroma, but this bait does not differ in its strength,
  • when storing crabs while fishing in a bucket, you should beware of gulls, as these birds hunt them,
  • Shelf life of fresh crab - no more than 24 hours.

The easiest way

Before choosing one of the methods of catching crabs, it should be noted that some are listed in the Red Book. Therefore, some species are caught in a certain season, while fishing is prohibited for others. Before you catch a crab, you should find out where they live. You should not catch for fun, remember, many species are dying.

Several ways to catch crab:

  • Crabs like to hide under stones away from crowded places. Take fins, mask and go fishing. Before diving, it is necessary to wear gloves, crustaceans have sharp claws, can easily injure the enemy. It should be caught in a net, a plastic bag is easily bitten.
  • This method is more suitable for lovers of fishing from the shore or boat.. A trap is being prepared from a mesh and an iron rim. A mesh is attached to the round rim so that it hangs. A bait (fish, snail, chicken) is tied into a trap, lowered into a pond. After a while, the crab trap is raised, the animal is in the net. In this way they catch crayfish.
  • Method for fishing crab on the shore, you need a place with a rocky bottom, crawl ashore in the morning or evening. It should appear at the right time, in the right place.
  • Stick fishing - take a branch with a bifurcated end in the form of a slingshot, lower it into the water in front of the crab claws. The animal thinks that it is being attacked, and clings to the wand with claws, at that moment they pull it ashore.
  • Sometimes vacationers walking along the beach of the Black Seaare noticed in the shallow water of the crabs. At this moment they are caught, you need to lower your hand and take it from the side of the tail. In this position, the crustacean will not be able to injure.

8. Where to get or buy crabs for fishing in the Mediterranean Sea in Israel

If it is not possible to independently obtain this type of bait, then you should use the services of online stores.

Before fishing, bait can be purchased at Israeli seaports (bought from fishermen, for example, the port in Yafo and Acre)

At one of the most popular Israeli fishing forums, you can find a list of all Israeli fishing bait shops selling fish,

9. Interesting facts

In the Mediterranean waters, one of the unique species of crab dies, called "Scyllarides latus" or "sigal, sigalit", which means purple. It is interesting in that it has no carapace, and the meat of this crustacean is very tasty and is a delicacy in Israeli restaurants.

In Israel, there is such a kind of crabs as "blue".

The difference between a female crab and a male: in females the abdomen is much wider than in males, because they bear the future offspring there.

During growing up, the crab changes its carapace to a more durable one. At the right time, the crustacean collects water and swells, from this pressure the old shell bursts. For several days, the crab is in the shelter and builds up a new defense.

The type of crab as "marble" is called a spider, for the presence of hairs on its legs.

Not all crabs are able to bite, for example, sand is absolutely harmless.

Crab fishing

You can catch crabs with your hands, just like crayfish, probing the bottom of a reservoir, but it should be remembered that the crab can pinch very painfully. In late spring and early summer, crabs gather near the shore at a shallow depth. At this time, you can notice how individual specimens crawl ashore. This usually happens in the early morning or late evening, when there are no waves at sea, otherwise it will be very difficult to catch crabs.

Unfortunately, you can not use this method everywhere, but you need to know the places where they are going. You can find out about this from local residents who certainly know about it, but they will not always tell about it, if they are especially visitors, who suddenly wanted crabs for dinner.

Crab fishing with a pot

Crab is caught in various ways, for example, fishing with a pot. You can buy it or make it yourself. The main condition is lightness and maneuverability. It’s not worth buying professional pots that weigh a lot; they are designed either for sport fishing or for commercial activities.

The pot is a box with wire sides and an entrance hole.

A trap should be marked in order to find it in the morning without confusing it with a stranger.

To catch the crabs well, you should choose the right bait. It is necessary to conduct an experiment by planting various baits in a pot. Crabs love chicken necks, frozen fish, eel, various shellfish and just raw meat. They rarely refuse food, but sometimes it happens.

It is better to use the bait that the animal often encounters in life.

When the crabs are caught, they should be placed in an ice container. They eat up during the day, then they die. Dead animals are dangerous.

Crab fishing with a trot

Trot fishing may take some time, but the catch is always good. It will require skill and the necessary tools.

You will need:

  • butterfly net
  • buoys 2-5 pieces,
  • bait,
  • thick gloves
  • a boat,
  • hooks
  • anchor,
  • rope,
  • fishing line
  • box with ice.

First of all, you need a boat, you can’t install trot from the shore. Set to a shallow depth, you need to take two buoys and connect them with a fishing line, its length is 1 m. Then, another line with an anchor is attached to one of the buoys. Bait hooks are tied to a fishing line.

Crabs live actively in the morning or late in the evening, during this period should be collected. The net is taken and carefully removed from the bait, using gloves. Set several trot using various types of nozzles.

After the crabs are caught, they are put in a box with ice, which you need to grab into the boat. In this state, crustaceans live for 24 hours, then die. Therefore, they should be prepared on time, so as not to poison.

Using the line casting method

Casting a line is actually difficult than it may seem. It is better to bring along a comrade who will help guide the boat. When the boat is sailing forward, at this time the buoy with the anchor should be lowered into the water and the lines gently lowered. It is necessary to ensure that the lines do not get messy and do not catch neighboring trots.

When the lines are immersed in water, you need to lower the second buoy with an anchor. Fishing at sea should be in warm, calm weather. When there are big waves, then throwing a trot will not work.

To conveniently immerse the lines, you need to catch a good current. The boat should sail towards the current, it is easier to throw lines. It is difficult to use only the boat, the current repels the buoy, making it possible to correctly establish the trot.

When time passes, the collection of crabs begins. You need to act quickly, crabs, eating bait, leave the hook. Try to collect against the sun, so that the shadow does not reflect on the line, the crab can notice the danger and swim away.

To quickly collect crustaceans, you need to have a buddy. One holds the line, and the other with the help of a net collects. After collecting the crabs, you should again throw the line.

Crab fishing on the beach

There are several types of arthropods on the sea beach, for example, sand crab. They live on the border of land with water, and are a favorite pastime of children and adults.

To catch you need:

  • come to the edge sea ​​shore
  • define coastline,
  • face the sea and start digging a hole (if for some reason you get scared and don’t want to catch it, then the crab will swim into the sea without obstacles),
  • need to dig a hole with your hands 30 cm deep.

When digging, it will become filled with water, favorable conditions for the crab. Without suspecting anything, he will crawl out of the mink, at this moment he is caught.

Sand crab has a color of sand or small multi-colored pebbles that are on the seashore. Therefore, it is difficult to notice in sea waters. Sometimes they leave peculiar traces in the sand, which are easy to calculate.

When you notice a crab, hurry to pull it out, it is a wild animal, does not like too much attention. Having admired plenty, release in the sea.

How to get a crab from the depths?

To catch a large crab at a depth, you need to buy a mask with flippers and a pipe. Practice swimming underwater, it is not easy, as it may seem.

After a short workout, you need to swim away from the beach and dive into the water. Making sharp movements with flippers, you can go down to a considerable depth. The deeper the sea, the larger individuals come across.

Remember to bring rubber, thick gloves and a crab net. Gauntlets protect hands from crustacean bites, and the grid will save the catch. You should not take a plastic bag instead of it, crabs can easily get out of it, making a hole in it.

what you need to know when fishing for crab

First, you need to know where to catch. They write that crabs do not like crowded places. I don’t know why, but most of the crabs I saw on the reefs near the rock of Kiselev, where many vacationers gather, and not on deserted beaches around. Maybe the numerous reef slots give them a sense of security, or there really are more around them than on the reef, but we do not know how to look for them. I don’t know the reasons, but the conclusion is simple: on reefs in the cliff bay you can catch a couple of crabs for dinner, even for a novice crab hunter.

UPDATE. In 2015, we were again in these places, but stopped at a distance from the cliff, near mouse minks. Here I learned another way to catch crabs, which I will write below and saw that there are countless crabs in these places, and not only from Kiselevka. But crabs hide perfectly under the stones, small crabs under the small ones, and large ones under the large ones, and during the day they are not easy to find, but at night ....

marble crab alive. Small and therefore does not hurt.

Crabs bask in the sun.

Secondly, you need to know the edible size. Black Sea crabs are not large and their maximum size is 10-12 cm, the size of the shell is wide. Crabs from 8, better than 9 cm, are suitable for food. For this reason, stone crab and grass crab are also suitable, because the rest do not grow to that size.

UPDATE: There was one recipe found out ... how to make crab soup. So for him, you can catch crab with a shell of 5-6 centimeters. But such crabs need 5 pieces per serving.

Thirdly, you need to know safety precautions. Do not stay under water for longer than enough oxygen ... well, such a joke. I think if you dive, you know about the rules of diving: do not do hyperventilation of the lungs, if you are not a master of sports, watch out for surface boats and do not forget to float in time ... yes, yes, carried away, you can dive deeply. Remember crabs that edible sizes can be pinched by claws to blood and blue nails. But as a rule, the warning pressure is painless. I have not had any crab injuries yet.

Species of crab

Crab meat is one of the most valuable seafood for humans. However, we know little about its prey, and about the life of this animal. There are several types of crabs, some of them are listed in the Red Book, while others are not. The crab belongs to the crustacean family and has ten legs. Some of them are large, while others are small and unsuitable for consumption.

Types of crabs:

  • Kamchatskycrab lives on the entire coast of the Far East, as well as off the coast of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. The length of the legs reaches 150 cm. It has a red-brown color. It is a favorite treat among local residents.
  • Japanesespider crab is the largest species among other crustaceans. Длина его тела составляет 45 см, а длина ног достигает до 3 м. Его вылавливают в качестве коммерческой деятельности либо для украшения океанариумов.
  • Манящийкраб чаще всего имеет одну большую клешню, а вторую маленькую. Большой клешнёй он отпугивает соперников и заманивает самку. Добычи в коммерческих целях не производится.
  • Краб-стригун у этого вида имеются тонкие клешни, отсюда такое название. Они обитают в Японском море, их вылавливают в качестве коммерческой деятельности.
  • Vampire crabs acquired this name for their extraordinary appearance. They have a purple shell on a background of yellow eyes. It is not involved in commercial production, sometimes it is used as a decoration for marine aquariums. It lives off the coast of India, Hawaii and Southeast Asia.
  • Bigland crab lives on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. It is caught for commercial purposes because of its tasty and tender meat.
    Knowing the types of crabs, you can easily identify any species. Do not eat unfamiliar animals.

Stone crab

In the waters of the Black Sea there are several species of crabs, the most common are Stone and Grass crabs. The stone crab lives under water, hiding under the stones. It is often found on the rocky beaches of the Black Sea coast. The size of the shell reaches 10 cm, but sometimes individuals larger than usual are found.

They live at a depth of 5 to 30 meters. Therefore, they should be caught with a mask and pipe or on a crab trap from a boat. A few decades ago, the crab was considered as a commercial species, but today its population has declined markedly.

Grass crab

It lives on the sandy beaches of the Black Sea, hides in algae or dense thickets. Runs sideways at high speed 1 m / s. Therefore, it is difficult to catch. To do this, you need to block his path, and then lure him out of cover so that he runs towards the obstacle.

After some manipulations he is caught. The grass crab is cowardly, and therefore often runs away from the enemy. In the sea, various mollusks are often attached to it, which help it to better mask on the seabed.

Where do crabs be caught?

Crabs are found in all seas and oceans, so the choice for a fishing place is great. They live both in shallow water and in the depths of the seas. Small individuals often come out of the water to bask in the sun, but when they see danger, they immediately hide under the stones.

At the depth of sea waters they also hide in a shelter. It can be stones, large shells and various garbage that is suitable for a house. Sunken ships are a great place for refuge not only to crabs, but also to small fish.

For fishing at depth, fishermen use crab traps and trots. They are left for the night, and in the early morning they catch a catch.

Is it possible to catch crabs?

You can catch crabs, but in some places and at certain times. For example, catching the Kamchatka crab is considered poaching, but you can catch a small crab on the Black Sea.

Therefore, before you catch, you should ask where and when you can do it. Sometimes there are other restrictions, for example, you can catch only a few specimens with your hands, or buy a license to catch them.


  • Not all crabs bite, for example, sand is absolutely harmless.
  • Seeing a crab, hurry to catch him, as they run fast, moving sideways.
  • Take a bucket with youto temporarily place the animal.
  • Beware of hungry gulls, they can drag a crab out of your bucket.
  • If on the first attempt it was not possible to catch a sand crab, you need to dig another hole, or go into the sea knee-deep. Small animals often show interest in vacationers, stepping on their feet.
  • When catching large individualsUse gloves and a net.
  • For long storage you need to have a box with ice.
  • Do not forgetthat the shelf life of the crab is 24 hours.

How long have you had a really LARGE CATCH?

When was the last time you caught dozens of HEALTHY pikes / carps / bream?

We always want to get the result from fishing - to catch not three perch, but a dozen kilogram pikes - this will be the catch! Each of us dreams of this, but not everyone knows how.

A good catch can be achieved (and we know this) thanks to a good bait.

It can be prepared at home, you can buy in fishing stores. But in stores it’s expensive, and to cook bait at home, you need to spend a lot of time, and, quite rightly, far from always home bait works well.

Do you know the disappointment when you bought bait or cooked it at home and caught three or four perches?

So maybe it's time to take advantage of a truly work product, the effectiveness of which has been proven both scientifically and by practice on the rivers and ponds of Russia?

Of course, it’s better to try once than hear a thousand times. Especially now - the season itself! A 50% discount when ordering is a great bonus!

what equipment

What you need to have to catch a crab. There is no limit to perfection, so I will describe the minimum that we managed. In our area, I have not seen crabs on the shore and therefore without a mask you are unlikely to catch anything. In addition, I have not seen edible sizes in shallow water. My wife and I, in the hunt for crabs, dived up to 2-3 meters and the snorkel helps not to lose sight of the detected game. Thanks to her, you do not need to raise your nose above the water and take your eyes off the place where the crab was disguised.

Total: the tube and mask in this matter are simply necessary. Moreover, it is a mask, not glasses for the pool. Not only that, glasses do not give a normal view, so when diving they will also put a lot of pressure on the eyes. It is convenient if there are more flippers and a folding knife for picking. When hunting in pair there was a string-type string bag worn on a circle of metal wire with a diameter of 20 centimeters.

We put crabs in a 5 liter bottle with sea water and a cut out window under the neck. The bottle stood in the shade so that the crabs would not cook in the sun.

We still do not forget about the suitable size of 9-10-12 cm. Since at sea, by virtue of the optical laws of physics, everything seems almost one and a half times larger, I resorted to this method. On land, I determined the distance between the thumb and forefinger (10cm), the size of the knife blade (10cm), the palm (9cm) and compared the size of the crab underwater with one of the above sizes, assessing in advance whether it was worth chasing.

UPDATE: In 2015, I learned another way of catching crab “night picking”. It is so primitive that even an 8-year-old son caught a dozen crabs. For this method, you need only a good flashlight that is not afraid of water, because fishing occurs along the coastline from the sea among the stones and In the dark. But crabs larger than the soup size (5-7 cm) with this version of fishing could not be found.

Crab fisherman's glove

I also saw such an option. In the afternoon, a girl with a large welder glove on her right hand caught crabs, again for soup. With her left hand, she slowly turned the stone over into the shallows, and with her right gloved hand grabbed boldly the crab. But this is a very leisurely method requires patience and reaction.

how to catch a crab

Now about the catch itself. The catching skill comes with experience, and the fear of the crab goes away with everyone caught. I use two types of fishing, depending on the circumstances, which can be called as follows: 1. press, 2. toss.

If you catch alone. I have a regular but strong folding knife. To them, I sometimes pull or toss crabs. When the crab climbed into a small depression, then sticking it with a knife, it is likely that he will grab it with a claw and that it can be pulled out and thrown from the bottom. Also, at first, with the same knife, I pressed it to the bottom if the crab was in the open. Later, with the departure of fear, I did it with my bare hands.

Stone crab. The spikes on the wide part do not allow you to take comfort, so I still press on top

In the first case, while the crab is torn from the bottom, it is very clumsy and defenseless. While he slowly sinks to the bottom, you need to aim and grab his shell from the sides of the shoulders, where claws are attached to the body. If you do not have time, then a quick blow from below, throw the crab again and catch a convenient moment. He never takes claws into these places, so it’s very convenient to hold the crab like that, but he will resist with his legs and try to free himself by pushing your fingers with his knees.

Sometimes I hold the crab by the ass, one finger from below, the other from above. It is very difficult for him to get there with his claws and legs, but he can still reach it, so this is only a way to temporarily hold the crab in space, with his second hand to grab it as it should, by the shoulders.

The second option, when you have the opportunity to pin the crab to the bottom, is more preferable, because it allows you to find the docking points with the crab shell without fuss. Pushed to the bottom of the crab, can not move claws and resist, so you can press down to the bottom with your bare hands.

UPDATE: There is a third option. An hour after sunset, when it gets dark, crabs crawl out from under their stones to eat what lingers on surface algae. They literally sit on the surface of stones.

At this time, you can take a flashlight and go pick crab mushrooms. Under the light of a flashlight, they become blind and do not move. While they froze, you can aim and hold the crab with your palm against the stone, feel free to take it by the shell and throw it into a bucket of water (crabs breathe with gills). Do not collect too much into one container, they choke and die without waiting for the broth. As I collected, you can see at the end of the article.

I collected in a bucket all the more or less large crabs that I caught. And then he went over the fires comparing them with a scoop of a tablespoon. If the crab was smaller than the scoop, then let it go free. He scored 15-20 pieces per family, and released the rest.

If you catch with your wife. Women have the excitement of hunting, albeit to a lesser extent, and my Irunka also took part in fishing for crab. Pairing is much more fun and easier. Here we need a homemade butterfly net. Whenever possible, the catcher throws a crab into the “air”, and the assistant immediately catches it with a net. The assistant also helps in finding the location of the future dinner.


I am not a foodie and I do not like to bother a lot with cooking, so our way of cooking to the ugliness is simple. We take sea water, enough to fit a crab in it and put it on fire. After boiling water, throw the crab there and, after boiling, cook for 15 minutes. No seasoning and salt, everything you need for flavor and salinity is in sea water. Leave to cool in water. Everything, you can eat.

Some nuances that may be useful to you. We cook everything on the Black Sea in seawater, which is 2 times more salty than what food needs. So, if you want to cook in fresh water, then add 2 times more salt there than if you were cooking soup.

UPDATE: Cooked in a pot of crabs, as in the previous case. Only cooked for 10 minutes because crabs are smaller. I didn’t want to eat, and therefore, having removed from the fire, we left all this brew under the lid until the morning. They pulled out and ate crabs, although there is not much meat in them, but you can enjoy the taste. The remaining broth was diluted with fresh water 1: 1, threw seasonings, potatoes, carrots, onions, small pasta - in short, a primitive camp soup without frills. But even such a soup brought great pleasure and satiety to our stomachs.

Crab soup, the smallest of cooked crabs.


In the field Of course, there will be no tricky devices for eating crab, so here are simple recommendations. Break off all limbs and open with a knife from below the body of the crab, inside everything is edible, except for the gills. Inside, the shell is coated with a thin layer of fat, a very nutritious and tasty product. We split claws and arthropods with something weighty, eat and suck out the contents. I stab with the handle of the same folding knife with which I hunted, and I pick and clean the remaining goodies with it.

Calories eaten may not make up for spent, but the taste of hunting will be remembered for a long time.

Here's a kind of budget vacation, resulted in eating such restaurant delicacies. Economical tourism does not mean boring and meager.

P. S. Video from the phone, how I caught crabs. Night, weak flashlight, waves ...

And what do you, dear readers, feel about such a hunt?