Most often, if the lips are swollen, the cause is an injury:
- Mechanical. This includes the habit of biting your lips, bruising, piercing and tattooing.
- Thermal. It occurs due to a burn of the mucous membrane or skin. For example, when drinking too hot drinks or foods.
- Chemical. A swelling appears after contact with chemicals - acids or alkalis, as well as poisons that have gotten bitten by insects.
It’s easy to make a diagnosis - you need to establish that the day before the injury occurred (piercing, bruising, tattooing, burns, etc.). In addition to edema, the consequences of traumatic injuries are determined - hematomas, defects, pain.
Swelling of the lips can cause a severe allergic reaction - Quincke's edema. This is a condition that threatens a person’s life.
The disease is characterized by sudden swelling of the lips, perioral region and face. Symptoms come in contact with an allergen. Can provoke edema:
- insect bite - bees, wasps, bumblebees,
- food products (especially nuts, citrus fruits, strawberries),
The disease is often accompanied by other symptoms - numbness, itching in the edematous region.
In severe cases, there is swelling of the respiratory tract, which is manifested by respiratory failure, hoarseness, suffocation. With the development of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Another common cause of edema is recurrent herpes. Herpes often develops in areas that contain a lot of loose connective tissue. The acute development of symptoms is characteristic. The main symptom of herpes is a rash in the form of vesicles. Additionally, puffiness appears in the areas of rash. After 2-3 days, the bubbles burst, painful erosion appears in their place.
Herpes is a chronic disease, so even after treatment, the symptoms appear again. This is facilitated by hypothermia, systemic infections, and a decrease in immunity.
Erysipelas are characterized by both local and general symptoms. The cause of erysipelas is beta-hemolytic streptococcus. Local symptoms include:
- swelling of the lips and face,
- skin redness
- sharp pain
- clear boundaries between healthy and diseased tissue.
Other skin areas, such as the lower limbs, may be affected. Often common symptoms come to the fore - fever, weakness, chills, headache.
Cold compress and ice cubes
The first way to calm and reduce swelling of the lips is to apply a cold compress using ice cubes or spoons previously placed in the freezer. It is necessary to wrap ice cubes in a clean cloth or paper towel and gently apply to the affected area. Leave for about 10-15 minutes, take a break of 10-15 minutes before repeating again, continue until the swelling begins to decrease. Avoid using ice cubes, and even more so spoons from the freezer directly on the lips, as they can damage the tissue.
This simple home remedy for swelling on the lips is very effective for most causes of swelling, including swelling from bumps, burns, other injuries, herpes simplex virus, ulcers, insect bites, etc.
It is known for its excellent healing and antiseptic properties. You can use the power of turmeric to get rid of a swollen lip. You need to mix the powder, cold water and clay to make a simple herbal ointment, which should be applied to the damaged area of the lip. Leave to dry, then rinse thoroughly with warm water. Repeat the procedure twice a day.
If the lips are not only swollen, but also red, inflamed, it is necessary to use aloe vera gel, since it has excellent anti-inflammatory properties. Aloe will soothe the burning sensation. It is ideal for insect bites (such as mosquitoes), sunburn, herpes, as well as manifestations of allergic reactions on the lips.
You need to take a gel or aloe vera juice and carefully massage the affected area two to three times a day.
Swelling of the surrounding tissue can occur as a complication of caries. For example, with purulent periodontitis, pulpitis.
A distinctive feature is toothache, which occurred a few days before the swelling. In addition to edema, soreness, redness of the mucous membrane and skin, as well as general signs of inflammation - an increase in body temperature, an increase in regional lymph nodes are determined.
Tea Tree Oil and Aloe Vera
Instead of using only tea tree oil, you can also mix it with aloe vera in a 2: 1 ratio and apply the mixture on the swollen surface of the lip. Leave to dry completely and rinse with cold water. Repeat the procedure several times a day if the tumor does not decrease immediately. Tea tree oil and aloe vera mixture help with any skin inflammation, including on the lips.
However, be sure to use diluted tea tree oil. You can dilute it with olive or coconut oil, that is, add a few drops of tea tree oil to a teaspoon of aloe vera or coconut oil and apply it to the affected area.
Using baking soda is a great way to treat lip swelling from insect bites, allergic reactions, and herpes. To use it, you need to take 1 tablespoon of baking soda and add water until a thick paste forms. Apply the paste to the damaged area and let it stay there for up to 10 minutes, then rinse with cold water.
Like turmeric, honey has antibacterial and natural healing properties. You should take a teaspoon of honey and apply it to the swelling using a cotton swab. Leave on for 20 minutes, then rinse with cold water. Repeat 2-3 times a day.
Black tea bag
Black tea contains tannins with astringent properties that help relieve swelling.
Pour tea bag with hot water and insist for 10 minutes, let it cool before applying it to the lip. Apply 3-4 times a day for a quick effect.
Lip injury is a common occurrence for boxers. But people far from practicing martial arts are not immune from blows and other injuries, after which the lip may swell:
bruise - when falling, bumping,
If the traumatic factor caused a sudden increase in volume, tightening, and blue lips, but the skin remained unharmed, ice should be applied to the sore spot as soon as possible. An ice cube must be wrapped with a cloth or gauze to avoid hypothermia.
Ice compresses are applied to the site of edema for 10-15 minutes every 2-3 hours in the first two days after injury. Usually this is enough to significantly reduce swelling on the lip and reduce pain.
Absorbing ointments, for example, Badyaga, Rescuer, and folk remedies - lotions with aloe, tea bags with tea leaves, decoction of chamomile or oak bark will finally help cure edema. If after a few days the swelling does not subside, it is better to see a doctor.
With an open injury, when, after an impact, the upper or lower lip not only sharply swollen, but a rupture of tissues has occurred, it is urgent to rinse the wound with hydrogen peroxide in order to clean it of germs and stop bleeding. Then you need to treat the damaged area with a disinfectant, for example, Dioxidine. This treatment should be done every 2-3 hours until bleeding is observed.
If the lip is deeply damaged, especially if the frenum is affected, the victim should consult a traumatologist as soon as possible to disinfect the wound and, if necessary, suture.
Salt and witch hazel
A mixture of 2 parts witch hazel extract and 1 part salt is great for reducing any swelling of the body, including on the lips, soothes any pain and wounds on them. It is necessary to apply the mixture to the affected area for 15-20 minutes before rinsing with cold water. Repeat the process until positive changes appear.
In some diseases of the teeth and gums, as well as during their treatment, lips can swell, both from the inside and outside. Against the background of pain in the teeth of the lower jaw, the lower lip may swell due to:
- periodontal disease
With similar processes in the upper jaw, the upper lip sometimes swells and swells.
The cause of lip edema can be the treatment of dental diseases: accidental damage to the instrument, reaction to the introduction of anesthetic or swelling after complex surgical interventions in the oral cavity.
Another option, why the upper lip hurts, blushes and swells, may be associated with a visit not to the dentist, but to the cosmetologist for the purpose of injecting lip augmentation. Damage to a blood vessel as a result of an unsuccessful injection can lead to a hematoma with swelling. An individual reaction of the organism to the administered drug is not excluded.
A malfunction in the immune system can occur in every person due to hypothermia, viral infection, stress or overwork. And the result of this failure often manifests itself in the form of a herpetic rash, which suddenly forms on the lips under the nose.
If the upper lip is swollen and covered with vesicles, then the herpes virus has activated in the body. Ointments based on acyclovir will help remove the manifestations of the disease. At the same time, you can be treated in a folk way - lubricate swollen tissue in the nasolabial triangle with tea tree oil, divorced celandine juice or propolis tincture.
With the wide spread of herpetic vesicles and the onset of the inflammatory process, medication is necessary, which should be prescribed by a doctor.
Herpes can cause serious complications, since the infection spreads not only to the skin of the face and mucous membrane of the oral cavity, but also to internal organs. In the period of exacerbation of the disease, everything must be done to prevent the attachment of a bacterial infection. It is necessary to disinfect affected areas of the skin with antiseptics (Chlorhexidine, Miramistin) carefully, avoiding the opening of pimples and pustules.
Warm salt compress
Salt water is a good remedy for treating injuries, especially punctures, wounds, bites, injections, cuts. You just need to mix 1 tablespoon of salt in a cup of warm water and apply to the swollen area. May cause a burning sensation, but helps speed healing. A warm compress ensures that there is no accumulation of blood on the swollen area, therefore, swelling in the affected area is reduced.
Why the lip becomes inflamed for no apparent reason
Sometimes it is impossible to understand what caused the sudden swelling of the lips. If there were no bruises, wounds and infections, and allergy medications do not bring relief, only a doctor can answer the question of why the upper lip suddenly swelled under the nose. Lip swelling can be a symptom of internal disorders: endocrine diseases, decreased immunity, pathologies of internal organs and systems. Examples of such diagnoses:
- Crohn's disease,
- heart or kidney failure,
If the lips and fate of the face are swollen for one of the listed reasons, it is necessary to treat not edema, but the underlying disease that led to its appearance.
Inflamed and swollen lip during pregnancy
Pregnancy is a condition that is often complicated by fluid retention in the body, which provokes swelling of the soft tissues of the face. However, inflammatory diseases can also be the cause of such symptoms, since immunity during this period significantly worsens. Therefore, if the lips are swollen during pregnancy, you must definitely inform the doctor about it.
Inflamed and swollen lip in a child
The causes of edema on the upper and lower lips in children are the same as in adults: bruise, biting, allergies, internal diseases, infections. In newborns and infants, the sponges often swell due to teething or the presence of candidal stomatitis (thrush).
Photo: thrush in a child
Colds are a frequent companion of children of preschool and primary school age. In a cold child, the upper lip may swell due to the development of herpes, especially if bloating is accompanied by the appearance of characteristic rashes on the skin of the face and mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
The disease is contagious, therefore, it is necessary to clearly explain to the child why his upper lip is swollen under his nose, why it is impossible to squeeze pimples formed on it, remove crusts, use other people's toothbrushes and cosmetics, and have close contact with other children during the period of herpes exacerbation.
Treatment of edema in children is carried out according to the same scheme as in adults. The difference is only in the dosage of the drugs. Parents should remember the dangers of treating babies with folk and medical methods without consulting a doctor, especially in cases where the nature of the edema is unknown, or its presence is accompanied by severe inflammation of the epidermis.
Tips for the treatment and prevention of lip edema
For whatever reason the lips and areas of the skin of the face are swollen, it is not worth starting treatment without consulting a doctor and competent diagnosis. Usually, inflammation of the upper or lower lip passes quickly, but in order not to disturb the course of this process and not aggravate the condition, a number of rules must be observed:
- open wounds cannot be treated with ointments and compresses,
- with closed injuries, warming compresses and ointments should also not be used,
- in the first hours after getting injured you can’t eat food,
- during wound healing and treatment of edema, you should eat exclusively warm food, you should not eat salty and spicy foods,
- with inflammation of the lips, do not use cosmetics.
Healing piercings should be taken responsibly, one should strictly follow the instructions of a specialist and observe his condition. It is better to be scrupulous even when choosing a salon and master: the procedure should be carried out with skillful hands and in sterile conditions.
When penetrating the piercing hole, the lips swell, hurt and itch. With the development of such symptoms, you should consult a doctor, especially if the temperature rises, and swelling appears in the area of the lymph nodes.
Cracks and seizures appear as a result of chapping of the lips, against the background of a cold, as well as due to endocrine disorders and a lack of certain vitamins in the body (which only a doctor can determine based on tests). They are treated with antiseptics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
The development of vitamin deficiency and a predisposition to colds and viral infections will prevent good nutrition and hardening. The body's ability to repair damaged tissues also directly depends on immunity. In winter, sensitive lip skin should be treated with nourishing balms and masks.
If the lips swell inside for no apparent reason, you should immediately consult a doctor. Edema can indicate the presence of hidden internal pathologies, which only a doctor can identify and cure.
The cause of swelling of the lips can be such rare diseases as trophydem Maige, Melkerssson-Rosenthal syndrome.
Trofedem Maige is hereditary and manifests itself at a young age. Symptoms develop quickly, have the following features:
- swelling of the lips combined with swelling of the face and legs,
- swelling persists for a short time (2-3 hours),
- swelling increases after exercise.
Common symptoms are also characteristic - weakness, increased fatigue, numbness, paresthesia.
Melkerssson's syndrome–Rosenthal characterized by a triad of symptoms:
- lip augmentation (often the upper, less often the syndrome is the cause of edema of the lower lip),
- facial nerve neuritis,
- folded tongue.
Diseases are rare, but if other causes are excluded, you should think about these diagnoses.
How does the symptom manifest
With various diseases, swelling can manifest itself in different ways. But there is a common symptom - lip enlargement, swelling, skin tightness.
In this case, the swelling can have different localization:
- upper or lower lip only
- symmetrical damage to both lips,
- focal swelling - a tumor appears on a small area of one lip.
In addition, redness, vesicles, suppuration may appear on the mucous membrane or skin. These signs indicate an inflammatory process.
Основное лечение отечности определяется причиной, которая привела к его развитию. При каждом конкретном заболевании подходы к лечению отличаются. There is no universal method that would relieve edema in all cases.
You must immediately seek medical help, treatment at home will not help. The following drugs are used:
• Antihistamines. Allows you to reduce the symptoms of allergies. At home, you can take Suprastin, Loratadin. Enough 1 tablet per day.
• Glucocorticosteroids. Appointed in severe cases, in a hospital. Prednisolone, Dexamethasone for injection are used.
• Adrenaline. Used intradermally in the development of airway obstruction.
The tactics of treatment depend on the amount of damage. With a slight bruise, shallow wounds, it is enough to apply a cold compress. Puffiness will pass on its own in 3-4 days.
With deeper damage, a compress alone is not enough. The following remedies are recommended:
• Chlorhexidine Wound Treatment
• Miramistin ointment,
• Solcoseryl ointment,
• Methyluracil ointment.
If the swelling of the tissues does not pass, and the wound is deep, you need to see a doctor. You may need to stitch.
Etiotropic treatment is prescribed - antiviral drugs:
Usually it is enough to use preparations in the form of ointments. The ointment is applied to the affected area with a thin layer. The frequency of application is 5-6 times a day. Apply the ointment for at least 5 days.
In no case should you pierce the bubbles. This can lead to the attachment of bacterial flora, the development of purulent inflammation.
The main treatment is the use of antibacterial agents. Antibiotics are prescribed from the group of penicillins or macrolides:
Additionally, local treatment is used - treatment with antiseptic solutions. In the formation of erosion, dressings are used with a solution of furatsilina, chlorophyllipt. At the granulation stage, the surface is smeared with methyluracil ointment to speed healing.
Purulent processes in the oral cavity
Treatment at home is ineffective, you should contact your dentist and carry out oral sanitation. In severe cases, antibiotics are prescribed. Swelling will pass after eliminating the cause of inflammation.
If puffiness arose suddenly, and there is no possibility to immediately see a doctor, you can use folk remedies. They will help relieve swelling, but they will not completely relieve the disease.
What can be used at home:
- Aloe. Aloe juice has anti-inflammatory and decongestant effects. A cotton pad should be moistened in juice and applied to the swollen area for 30 minutes.
- Soda. Baking soda should be diluted with water in equal amounts. The resulting slurry is applied to the site of edema for 10 minutes, then washed off with water.
- Parsley. A cotton swab or piece of gauze should be moistened in a parsley decoction (1 teaspoon of parsley in 1 cup of water) and applied to the swollen area.
- Plantain. The leaves of plantain need to be chopped and applied to the edematous area for 20 minutes.
Cold compresses can be used to relieve puffiness. To do this, a piece of gauze should be moistened in cold water and applied to the lips. You can also use ice, which is applied over the fabric.
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Proper Nutrition and Vitamin E
When treating a swollen lip, you need to make sure that you are on a balanced diet, because a lack of certain vitamins can cause this problem, especially vitamin B and C. You need to eat foods rich in vitamin B, such as bananas, oats, legumes, liver, turkey, legumes, etc. e. Also, before going to bed, apply a lip balm containing vitamins E or the liquid contents of a capsule with this component.
It will also be beneficial to drink plenty of fluids, as this ensures that the lips are not dehydrated, that is, remain hydrated. Water can also help reduce swelling.
With insect bites
If the tumors are from insect bites, you must choose a treatment that will soothe the inflammation and neutralize any poison in the case of a bite, for example, bees or wasps. Effective treatments will include the use of aloe vera to reduce inflammation, antihistamines like diphenhydramine, and anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen.
Lip swelling and blisters with herpes usually disappear after 7-14 days. However, you can use a cold compress to reduce swelling, and also apply a small amount of petroleum jelly to moisturize your lips.
To get rid of herpes, you should consult a doctor so that he prescribes antiviral drugs, as well as creams and ointments.
To reduce edema, first of all, contact with allergens should be avoided.
Secondly, take antihistamines, such as benadryl, to reduce the allergic reaction, as well as apply cold compresses. With excessive edema, there may be a need to take oral corticosteroids for quick action.
If you suffer from a serious allergic reaction and there are other symptoms besides lip swelling, consult a doctor, as some allergic reactions, such as anaphylactic shock, are life-threatening and can lead to death.
If the swelling on the lips due to injury or damage, stop bleeding, if there is damage or cuts to tissues - you need to apply hot or cold compresses to soothe and reduce swelling. After severe tissue damage and / or cuts, consult your doctor for further treatment or suturing, if necessary. Antibiotics can be recommended for injuries to avoid the possibility of any secondary infections caused by bacteria.