A runny nose is the result of inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Most often, it is not hazardous to health, but causes significant discomfort to the patient. Unable to breathe normally through the nose, a person inhales oxygen by mouth. As a result, the risk of contracting infectious and viral diseases increases. Before deciding how to relieve nasal congestion at home, you need to find out the cause of the problem.
Typically, this symptom is caused by the following factors:
· Prolonged stay in a room with very dry air,
Curvature of the nasal septum,
· Work in harmful conditions,
· The ingress of a foreign body into the nasal cavity.
The easiest way to deal with nasal congestion caused by colds, allergies or the flu. It is easy to get rid of the problem provoked by dry air in the room.
As for the curvature of the nasal septum, surgical treatment is indicated here. Persons involved in hazardous industries must always use personal protective equipment - respirators, masks. If it became difficult to breathe due to the ingestion of a foreign body into the nostril, then you need to urgently seek help from a traumatologist.
Relieve severe nasal congestion at home
It is not necessary to treat a runny nose with vasoconstrictor drops. Medicines of this group quickly relieve swelling, due to which the patient immediately notes an improvement in his health. But they have a lot of contraindications.
Moreover, with prolonged and uncontrolled use, colds can lead to atrophy of the mucous membrane - a disease in which it is almost impossible to get rid of nasal congestion.
Safe ways to treat nasal congestion
Quickly remove swelling from the mucous membrane without vasoconstrictor drops can be using the methods below. They are safe and can be used by children, pregnant women.
Shown not only with cough, but also with a runny nose. During the procedure, the patient inhales the fine flows of the treatment fluid with his nose. It can be interferon, saline. At least three treatment sessions should be performed daily.
Nasal flushing with saline
The remedy for the procedure can be prepared independently (a teaspoon of sea salt in a glass of warm boiled water) or bought at a pharmacy. It is most convenient to use a special teapot, which allows you to fill the solution into the nostril without spilling it.
Before washing, you need to blow your nose, then, tilting your head to the left, pour the drug into the right nostril. You can only breathe with your mouth. After that, you need to repeat all over again, but tilting your head in the opposite direction.
The described washing scheme cannot be used if, in addition to the common cold, the patient is diagnosed with an ear infection or there are migraine attacks.
Acupuncture Point Massage
Considered very effective. Everyone can execute it independently. It is necessary to put the index fingers on the recesses in the corners of the nostrils and make circular rotational movements clockwise and then counterclockwise.
After that, put the fingertips on the corners of the eyes located near the nose bridge, and again make 10 movements along and 10 movements counterclockwise.
The third stage of acupuncture massage is massaging the indentations behind the ears and earlobes.
Repeat all exercises from 4 to 5 times a day.
How to quickly remove swelling of the nose with folk remedies
A popular recipe for reducing swelling of the nose is boiled onion tea. It is prepared according to the following recipe:
1. Peel and finely chop two large onions.
2. Put them in a liter pan, pour a liter of water. Boil.
3. Add 3-4 teaspoons of sugar.
Drinking onion tea is recommended in a glass three times a day.
Also, with a runny nose, you can apply hot compresses. To do this, you need to prepare a decoction of chamomile (pour 1.5 tablespoons of dried plant material into a glass of water and bring to a boil), soak a towel in it and apply a compress to the bridge of the nose. It must be kept until it cools down. Repeat the procedure twice a day.
Oil drops for nasal congestion
They treat, and do not just remove the symptoms of a runny nose, oil drops. In the pharmacy you can buy Pinosol oil composition.
You can prepare oil drops and yourself - mix a tablespoon of finely chopped valerian root with half a glass of olive oil. The remedy should be infused for 12 days. Then it needs to be filtered, poured into a glass dish and put in a dark place. Buried ready-made oil drops in the nose should be 2 drops 2-4 times a day.